An important part of the book Lithuanian writer — "Journey with the enemy," in which Vanagaitė with famous Nazi hunter Ephraim Zuroff of the journey to the places where they killed Jews and communicates with the surviving witnesses of those events.
According to Vanagaitė, "you know that Lithuania wasn't expecting this book. That is why I wrote it".
"I the priest ričardas of Doveika said that in my face the door will close. I was faced with backlash — native said I betray the family and are Pavlik Morozov. A few friends actually turned me away — said I pay the Jews, I betrayed their country.
I had a lot of courage. I asked my children, who are 20 and 28 years old, to write me such a book. They said that the 120% support. But some friends warned me that I will be left without readers who love my books about caring for the elderly and women. I thought — why should I think about Commerce. I see that no one else such a book will not write," said she.
The writer believes that in Lithuania no one about the Holocaust will not write, because this theme I'm afraid.
"To the extent I am afraid that I face with absolute panic from institutions of power to rural residents. For six months I met only a few people who are not afraid. Even with historians on a Park bench had to meet... Some historians I can't quote — they don't want the one that says no longer will lecture on this subject is dangerous," said rūta Vanagaitė.
"Israel made peace, that he had not brought it up. For that Lithuania will support Israel in the UN. It is the policy. Even the Ambassador of Israel, seeing in Lithuania Zuroff, told him — why are you here we go, there will be people to spoil the mood. Even the Jewish community does not raise the subject, does not raise neither Israel nor Lithuania, and the witnesses of those events already.
And money for research no. Yes, Brazauskas condemned. I think he later regretted that did so. He promised to identify and name the killers, but didn't. Here in 2012, the Lithuanian center for the study of genocide and resistance inhabitants made a list of 2055 people who possibly could participate in genocide. The list was handed over to the government. Where is he now?
I went to the Vice-Chancellor of the government and said that we need to do something with this list, because he can not lie for 5 years. I was told — no matter what we did, all the little Jews. And is this list any further," she said.
According to Rue Vanagaitė, "I read books of all Lithuanian historians all claim that the Holocaust was observed in the province on the territory of Lithuania".
"We think only in Paneriai — no, the whole province of Lithuania is strewn with the graves of Jewish people were destroyed. This white spot in our historiography. Why not investigated?
There are few historians who do this — I was told five people have to work 5 years to figure out how many Lithuanians participated in the Holocaust. No five people and 5 years. I Zuroff traveled to the Baltic people who have seen and remember the Holocaust, now 85-90 years old. How long shall we wait?", — asks the author of the book.
"In the spring I was preparing the conference, all the historians were saying that I didn't invite Zuroff — if it is, they refused to participate because he might cry, start a fight. I became very interested. When he came to participate in marches of neo-Nazis, I met him.
I asked him if he works for Putin, and he asked me if I was Jewish projects for the sake of money. I said that among my relatives there were people who, I suspect, participated in the Holocaust.
He said that in 25 years met in Lithuania the first person who admitted it. I told him — you attack Lithuania, so let's get in my car and drive around Lithuania, talk to people, let's see who is right. Because I don't know this. He agreed that the trip lasted three weeks. We agreed to pay equally for the gas," said Vanagaitė.
Vanagaitė added that "most people said, did not only agree to be photographed or give their names. Others were afraid, they said another will come and kill you. Who will kill you? The Lithuanians! They know that in most cases Jews were escorted, guarded, or killed by the fathers or grandfathers neighbors. So they are betraying their neighbors. But I remember very well".
In the book in his interview, Zuroff said that Lithuania is extremely beautiful, but its beautiful forests hide a few hundred mass killings. When you travel to Lithuania, you can see the signs that indicate such places — Lithuania at least took care of it.
"But will roll back and will not see anything. The pointer is, and then you can wander through the forests, and nothing. But there are not designated places. I told Zuroff — we are not rich enough to look out for 227 seats. He replied, have to see when shot. Zuroff was crying at each location. I had to wait while he read the prayer.
And then I thought — under the ground lie thousands of bones, not marked these places. I could not calmly look on Lithuanian graves. It seemed that everything attaches too great importance, all so theatrical. I read the protocols of exhumation — many children with undamaged skulls — then buried alive.
The book is the testimony of one military — the father lay face down in the ditch, covering the child. The military was asked who shot first — father or child? Said, "we're animals or something, shoot the kid in front of dad?" Of course, father. Because the child does not understand," said the writer.
In his book, rūta Vanagaitė asks a rhetorical question about how many pulled gold teeth from dead Jews, melted down, and then used for the manufacture of the teeth of the inhabitants of Joniskelis (it was about the murder of the Jews, who then worked as a dental technician)?
The writer explains that the Lithuanians shared their Golden crowns killed not only in Joniskelis, but in other places.
"I remember, in Soviet times, when teeth were treated, they asked, gold will be your or mine? Where do dental technicians was gold? Where did all the gold crowns?
There are even more interesting point. I inherited from grandparents antique bed, wardrobe, watch. I read that in Lithuania there were about 50 000 Jewish homes, plus synagogues, stores, hospitals. Where did all of these assets?
All Lithuania became rich. I read that in Panevezys things handed Drama, nursing home, girls ' school, the hospital, then sold to residents. That failed to sell — distributed free of charge. When he murdered the Jews of Panevezys were 25,000 inhabitants, of things left after the murder of the Jews was 80 000 — from bedding to cups. They were handing out for free. So, every citizen received free on several things.
My grandmother from Panevezys, the bed is from Panevezys. If she bought it? I do not know. Wore my mom something from the clothes? Everyone in Lithuania who have the Antiques, you may wonder where they came from. The murderers of Jews usually did not pay, they took what they could, carrying to sell or traded for vodka. This was their reward. in the evening they returned home. Some were the children from work came not with empty hands — bring them some clothes, then something else", — says rūta Vanagaitė.
She agrees that when you read the book, it seems that he killed simple country folk, who went a volunteer in the Lithuanian army.
"They went there by themselves with nothing to do. Then there was this logic: allowed to eat and shoot. And can get enough clothes, shoes, chains of the Jews, to drink.
Rimantas, Saracas conducted a study and social portrait of the murderer of the Jews — half of those who were killed in the province is illiterate or graduated from two classes. Maybe if the Church took a different position, or said that it is necessary to perform one of the commandments of God — maybe it would have stopped them. But the Church was silent or not called", — said Vanagaitė.
She also answered a question that while reading the memoirs of murderers of Jews, the conclusion that the Germans didn't make them to kill: they can refuse.
"First of all, they were volunteers — and belopotosky who were volunteers. Some have argued that the refusal threatened to be shot, but there is only one fact in Kaunas was executed soldiers who refused to kill, in the valley of Mickevicius.
In the special detachment served 8 students of a vocational school at 16-17 years old. Come June, there was nothing to do, they went to work — they promised things of the Jews. Summer is over, they're gone from the squad. Is this violence came, they left.
In Lithuania say that they were forced to kill, watered. Military laons Stonkus said that if he saw that someone could not stand, the officers were forced to shoot, scared as a weapon against them did not pay. And drink — were given after, in the evening, or very little, for fear that commanders don't shoot. We can say that the Jews killed young, illiterate and sober Lithuanians," — said the writer.
Rūta Vanagaitė explains that "in the book, I did not build any overseas source, only on what is said by the people of Lithuania and historians. The six months I spent in a Special archive, read the case, their confession.
Who's to say that our boys were tortured and only after that they made their statement is nonsense, nobody talks about torture. One murderer of Jews complained of pain in the shoulder, x-rayed, found the cause and prescribed massages and paraffin baths. See, too much shot".
"Secondly, workers of the NKVD were consistent, accurate, every story killers of the Jews were confirmed by testimonies of the 15 individuals associates. Match every detail. All they diminish their guilt. When asked how many times they participated in the executions, at first didn't remember, then remembered some one shot, and in fact participated in